Revista Red

About this Journal

RED — Revista Electrónica de Direito (Electronic Law Review) is an electronic journal published three times a year on behalf of the Faculty of Law of the University of Porto (U.Porto) and its Centro de Investigação Jurídico-Económica (CIJE). RED intents to promote and publish interdisciplinary scientific research in the fields of business law and economics, favouring research on comparative law and EU law, as well as contributions from different Portuguese speaking countries. The review is designed with the purpose of appealing to different law professionals, such as practitioners, university lecturers, judges and post-graduate students. RED aims to establish a high-quality, specialized, up to date and freely accessible new publishing space. In addition, the review aims to be the result of informal cooperation between academics and other practitioners working in fields of business law and economics, as well as several national and foreign institutions, allowing for the use of different working languages and the publication of works varying in extent.

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

 RED (Revista Electrónica de Direito) is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal committed to ensuring the highest standards of ethics in publication and quality of articles. Conformance to principles of publication ethics is expected of all parties involved in the act of publishing.

 Editors, Authors and Reviewers are required, in particular, to abide by the following standards (based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors of the Committee on Publication Ethics – COPE - available at

Editors: Based on the review report of the referees, the editor can accept, reject, or request modifications to the manuscript. The editor must ensure that each manuscript is evaluated solely on the basis of academic merit and that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is not disclosed to anyone other than the reviewers and other editorial advisers, as appropriate. The editor must not use unpublished information in the editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Editors must take reasonable responsive measures when ethical complaints are presented concerning a submitted or published manuscript.

Authors: Authors should present an accurate account of their original research as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original works and that any work of others authors, or sources have been appropriately credited and referenced; plagiarism in all its forms is unacceptable. Authors should not submit the same manuscript simultaneously to more than one publication at a time. The corresponding author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.

Reviewers: Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must not be used for personal advantage. If the selected referee feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript, he should excuse himself from the review process. If the reviewer feels he does not meet the conditions to complete the review of the manuscript within the stipulated time, this information must be communicated to the editor immediately. Reviews should be done objectively and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have any conflicts of interest.